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MEBO - UBIOME study 2018



MEBO Gut Microbiome Study
"Microbial Basis of Systemic Malodor and PATM Conditions (PATM)"
Funded by uBiome Research Grant

"Microbial Basis of Systemic Malodor and PATM Conditions (PATM)"

Dynamics of the Gut Microbiota in
Idiopathic Malodor Production

Started May 2018 - Ongoing

Current people sent kits : 100/100
3 kits per person


Participation info : LINK English

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TMAU Petition world
TMAU UK end total:262
TMAU UK ends 23/01/20
TMAU Petition USA end total 204
USA : Moveon open
TMAU (Dominican)
Metabolomic Profiling Study

Start : Aug 2016
Stage 1 : 27 Canadian volunteers to test
Latest click here (26 oct) :
17 samples returned

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Return cut-off date : passed
Analysis can take 6/8 weeks
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MEBO Research Clinical Trials

Click here to read details of the MEBO Clinical Trials
NCT03582826 - Ongoing not recruiting
Microbial Basis of Systemic Malodor and PATM Conditions (PATM)
United States 2018 - ongoing

NCT02683876 - Completed
Exploratory Study of Relationships Between Malodor and Urine Metabolomics
Canada and United States 2016 - ongoing

NCT03451994 - Completed
Exploratory Study of Volatile Organic Compounds in Alveolar Breath
United Kingdom and United States 2013 - ongoing

NCT02692495 - Completed
Evaluation of Potential Screening Tools for Metabolic Body Odor and Halitosis
United Kingdom 2009 - 2012

Sunday, August 30, 2009

About the leaky gut test (intestinal permeability test)

Intestinal permeability lactulose/mannitol urine test

lactulose : big molecule : not absorbed (much)

mannitol : small molecule : absorbed
There is some interest in the 'intestinal permeability' ("leaky gut") urine test in connection to fecal body odor syndrome. It is hoped this post explains the test to some degree. It is not known if 'leaky gut' is a factor at all in fecal body odor, or if it is typical but not an issue. At this stage of understanding fecal body odor, like many things it is an unknown factor. However, it cannot be good to have 'leaky gut' at all.

Originally the 'leaky gut' test was one of the tests chosen for the MeBO-Biolab gut dysbiosis study, but was dropped to keep the price under £100. However, since the volunteers are paying for their own tests, it was thought sensible to add it as an option. The Biolab 'leaky gut' test uses a different molecule from other testers of 'leaky gut', who normally use lactulose and mannitol as the test molecules. However they all have the same principle.

Someone recently did the lactulose/mannitol intestinal permeability test, and we will look at their results to explain the test. Although people think of the test as the 'leaky gut' test, it does in fact test both for leaky gut and how well mannitol is absorbed as well. This is why it is officially known as the 'intestinal permeability' test.

The 2 test molecules for most 'intestinal permeability' tests are lactulose and mannitol. Lactulose is a large sugar, and should not be absorbed (much) in a normal gut. Mannitol is a small sugar, and should be absorbed in a controlled manner. Neither are changed by the body (i.e. metabolized). The person takes a liquid with both sugars and then over the course of a few hours collects their urine.

Leaky gut : normally the gut lining acts as a filter, allowing only molecules of a certain size to be absorbed into the bloodstream. Molecules of a larger size should not get through (unless they are broken down further in the intestine to smaller molecules). The theory about leaky gut is, the cells lining the intestine normally have a tight junction between them, and if for any reason this junction becomes split, then large molecules can slip into the bloodstream through the gap. These molecules will be regarded as 'aliens' by the body, and may trigger immune responses. The body will not recognise them as normal. In most 'leaky gut' tests, lactulose is used as the test molecule, and a raised amount in the urine constitutes 'leaky gut'.

Mannitol absorption : Normally molecules small enough to be absorbed into the bloodstream are absorbed through the gut lining in various ways. Some by simple diffusion. Many by a complex 'active transport' system. They go through the cell lining directly (not the juction). Mannitol should be relatively well absorbed, in a controlled manner. If absorption is too low, then there is an issue with mannitol absorption (and so probably with most type of gut absorption). If it is too high, it implies some issue in the controlled method of absorption.

Now to look at the test results of someone :

Intestinal permeability lactulose/mannitol urine test results:
intestinal permeability
lactulose recovery 2.37 *H (normal range less than 0.30)
mannitol recovery 69.2 *H (normal range 9.5-25.0)
lactulose:mannitol ratio 0.034 (normal range less than 0.035)
6 hour urine volume 1.700 litres
In this case, both the lactulose and mannitol absorption are too high. Both by quite a bit. Ironically, this makes the 'ratio' almost normal, but this is because both are so high. So there seems to be leaky gut for sure, and also possibly an absorption issue. More about the lactulose/mannitol intestinal permeability test can be seen in these links from Genova Diagnostic website:

Genova intestinal permeability test explanation (PDF document)
Genova intestineal permeability test sample report (PDF document)

So, in summary, it is not known if intestinal permeability is a factor in fecal body odor syndrome, but at this early stage of understanding the problem, it may be worth ruling out as a potential factor.

The Biolab intestinal permeability test is one of the test options in the MeBO-Biolab gut dysbiosis study.

More about leaky gut :
'About Medicine' article on intestinal permeability test by Liz Lipski
Genova Diagnostic intestinal permeability test through for $90
Leaky gut syndrome : Leo Galland 1995 article
1999 Pubmed paper : Leaky gut in alcoholic cirrhosis: a possible mechanism for alcohol-induced liver damage


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